The NAFA Fleet Management Association urged the U.S. Postal Service not to replace 180,000 new vehicles at the same time and implement better fleet management practices at a congressional hearing on May 21.
Katherine Vigneau, CAFM, NAFA's director of professional development, gave testimony to the U.S. House Committee on Oversight & Governmental Reform. The committee had scheduled a hearing regarding the agency's plan to spend up to $6.3 billion on next-generation delivery vehicles. The USPS has narrowed the list to 15 suppliers.
Vigneau offered the most stinging rebuke of USPS fleet management practices, and said the "idea of replacing all 180,000 at the same time, from a single source, is not in keeping with best practices," according to a NAFA release.
"In accordance with NAFA best practice, the USPS has a definite requirement to replace a significant portion of their fleet," Vigneau said. "Lifecycle cost analysis has been used to demonstrate that operating costs are rising significantly. Extended replacement also has the disadvantages of not introducing important safety and technological improvements in the fleet. The lifecycle methodology should be used further to analyze custom versus commercial purchase options and alternative fuel options."
A report from the U.S. Office of Inspector General released earlier this month said the USPS could reduce its maintenance costs by $21.8 million per year by improving oversight of its mechanics and right-sizing staffing at vehicle garages. A 2011 GAO report concluded the USPS was spending $750 million per year on maintenance for its fleet.
Vigneau said the USPS fleet should be centralized and individuals responsible for maintaining the fleet should be trained in the best practices of fleet management. She recommended five specific practices:
- Use lifecycle spreadsheets to define and observe optimal vehicle lifecycles and avoid the pitfalls of extended replacement.
- Develop a long-term capital procurement plan that's regularly reviewed and updated.
- Centralize management of fleet assets for better efficiency, liability and control.
- Create a vehicle selector list that considers lifecycle costs, safety and environmental impact.
- Set goals for fuel and emissions reductions.
During his testimony, Toth said the GSA supports the USPS "in a limited capacity." The USPS is exempt from federal mandates that require other federal agencies to purchase vehicles through the GSA. The GSA now leases 389 vehicles to the USPS for administrative purposes. The USPS takes advantage of the GSA's short-term rental fleet for surge requirements.
Rectanus discussed fleet management practices and challenges faced by USPS in replacing its aging fleet. The GAO analyzed fleet costs logged into the USPS accounting system, conducted visits to USPS sites, and reviewed prior studies on USPS financial challenges in a recent audit.