SACRAMENTO, CA --- The California Supreme Court this month made it easier for motorists accused of drunk driving to challenge the results of police breathalyzers.
The court ruled unanimously that defendants are permitted to present evidence to show that the breathalyzer results failed to accurately reflect the amount of alcohol in the driver's blood, the Los Angeles Times reported. A suspected drunk driver can choose either to submit to a blood test, which measures the amount of alcohol in the blood, or a breath test. A breath sample must be converted mathematically to derive a blood-alcohol percentage.
The conversion factors can vary widely, "both in the general population and within an individual," the court said.
A driver's ratio of breath-alcohol to blood-alcohol concentration can be influenced by body temperature, medical conditions, sex and the accuracy of the measuring device.
Though experts believe the standard ratio used to derive a blood-alcohol concentration from breath approximates or even underestimates the amount of alcohol the driver consumed, they also acknowledge that breathalyzer results may not always accurately show an individual's intoxication.
"Evidence casting doubt on the accuracy of the breath-to-blood conversion ratio is just as relevant as other evidence rebutting the presumption of intoxication from a breath test result, such as evidence that the defendant had a high tolerance for alcohol or performed well in field sobriety testing, Justice Carol A. Corrigan wrote for the court.