TCO Champs: Crossovers or Sedans?
The inflection point came near the end of the 2014 calendar year, when sales of crossover utility vehicles surpassed compact and midsize car sales in the U.S. We’ve never looked back.
Analysts say consumers prefer crossovers for their high stature, roominess, car-like ride, and (relatively) good fuel economy. As fleet drivers are consumers themselves, fleet selectors have migrated toward crossovers as well.
Automakers have responded with more crossover model choices, while used sedans have not fared well recently in the secondary market. However, this doesn’t complete the total cost of ownership (TCO) picture.
For actual fleet acquisitions, a model-to-model analysis that takes into account all costs is more beneficial.
With the help of Vincentric, we compared TCO for popular midsize sedan and compact crossover fleet models.
For the analysis, Vincentric calculated its standard eight cost elements: depreciation, financing, fees and taxes, fuel, insurance, maintenance, opportunity cost, and repairs. This analysis covers a 36-month period with an average of 20,000 miles a year.
Each of the models chosen had an initial capitalized cost of $18,725 to $26,716 based on Vincentric’s Market Price, which calculates initial cost as invoice price plus destination charge minus fleet incentives. An analysis of these individual costs provided some interesting insights.
With the obvious popularity of crossovers, total depreciation — the largest single cost — did not favor crossovers over sedans.
Equinox, Escape, CX-5, Rogue, Forester, and RAV4 models depreciated more than their sedan counterparts, while Charger, 200, and Sonata depreciated more than their crossover colleagues.
Not surprisingly, the models that depreciated more carry a higher initial cost, except in one instance: The
Hyundai Tucson has a higher initial cost yet depreciates less than the Sonata sedan.
Total fuel costs are uniformly in favor of the sedans in our analysis, with one exception: The 2017 Dodge Charger will cost the user close to $700 more in fuel over a three-year period than its crossover comparison, the 2017 Jeep (“All New”) Compass.
Interestingly, total insurance costs favored the crossovers, with the exception of the Nissan Altima, which beats the Nissan Rogue in the category.
Maintenance costs are almost evenly split. Five crossover models (Equinox, Escape, Tucson, Rogue, and RAV4) are projected to cost more in maintenance, while four sedan models (200, Charger, Mazda6, and Impreza) are projected to cost more than their crossover counterparts.
When it comes to overall total cost of ownership in this analysis, there is no clear winner between the crossover and sedan segments.
The Subaru Impreza sedan takes the lowest TCO prize, followed by Subaru Forester, a crossover. From there, two more sedans — Altima and Camry — come in third and fourth, followed by three crossovers — Patriot, Tucson, and RAV4 — in the fifth, sixth, and seventh spots.
After Subaru’s claiming of the first and second spots, the ranking is also not necessarily skewed toward certain manufacturers.
Not accounted for in this analysis are additional unpublished incentives available on many of these models. Though impossible to capture here, additional incentives skew overall ownership costs.
This analysis also clarifies a general rule of thumb that is worth reiterating, especially for smaller fleet operators — vehicles with lower initial costs do not necessarily correlate to a lower overall TCO. The 18 models analyzed here show that choosing the lowest cost out the door is not better on your fleet pocketbook in the long run.
Finally, while analyzing total cost of ownership is essential, it’s still a numbers analysis. The so-called “soft benefits” of crossovers — their ride, roominess, and overall appeal — may well be enough to tip the scales to acquiring them instead of sedans.
2017 model-year vehicles over a 36-month period with an average of 20,000 miles a year. Vincentric market price is based on invoice price plus destination charge minus published fleet incentives, if any. Cost data from Oct. 2, 2017. Regular fuel calculated at $2.49.