A major headache for fleet managers is dealing with drivers who willfully abuse their company-provided vehicles, Although they represent a very small minority of drivers, their actions (or lack of action, in the case of neglect) have a direct bearing on the company's bottom line and fleet budget.
The resale value of a used vehicle is determined by three factors: the unit's age, overall mileage, and vehicle condition. A used company vehicle in poor condition because of driver abuse or neglect will result in lost resale value or incur unnecessary reconditioning expense at auction. Just as egregious as vehicle abuse is vehicle neglect, such as not changing the motor oil, which results in engine damage. Another aspect of vehicle abuse occurs with drivers who smoke. Most companies have no-smoking policies while driving company vehicles; however, some furtive smokers are notorious about ignoring this prohibition. When taken to auction, a smoker's car, on average, results in deductions of several hundred dollars on resale because of the pervasive tobacco odor and, invariably, cigarette-burned upholstery. These abusive employees have little regard for the company asset and often use the interior of their vehicle as a convenient "garbage can." While a vehicle is in company service, a littered interior, such as this, can represent a potential safety and liability hazard if a driver's loot movement for braking and accelerating is impaired by a bottle or soda can rolling on the floorboard. This can, and does happen.
Lack of Fleet Policy Enforcement
Fleet policies dealing with vehicle abuse and the need to follow the prescribed preventive maintenance schedule are very important in helping to determine the ultimate resale value of vehicles. Fleet managers who have clearly articulated policies to employees about vehicle upkeep and misuse receive a better quality product to take to auction. This isn't anything new; most companies already have prohibitions about vehicle misuse in their written fleet policies. The problem (and this isn't new either) is that the majority of companies do not enforce these policies, except in the most egregious circumstances. Asking drivers to take better care of their vehicles is sufficient for the overwhelming majority of drivers. However, there are other employees who simply pay it lip service, especially when they know that there are no consequences to doing otherwise. Even with written policies in place, managers are sometimes reluctant to penalize abusive drivers, especially in situations that involve executives or top sales performers. Another problem is that although these policies are "on the books," they have not been adequately communicated to new-hires or employees assigned a company vehicle for the first time. Plus, there is a great amount of gray area since there is no industry consensus delineating the borderline between normal wear-and-lear and abuse. All of us recognize blatant abuse, but is a torn seat or scraped bumper abuse or normal wcar-and-tear?
A Campaign of Ongoing Communication
As the fleet manager, it is your responsibility to establish policies governing the use of company vehicles, but even more importantly, you need to communicate these policies to employee drivers. Communication does not mean simply having an employee sign a statement acknowledging the receipt and reading of the fleet policy booklet or referencing the fleet department's Intranet site. It involves a campaign of ongoing communication.
One way to deter abuse is through regular vehicle inspections. One fleet requires mandatory quarterly checks of its vehicles - twice by the driver, who submits a vehicle condition report, and twice while accompanied by his or her manager.
Each of your drivers should know the rules governing the use of a company vehicle. Not only should your drivers be aware of these rules, but they must also understand what actions will be taken for non-compliance. Some companies charge the driver responsible for vehicle damage; however, as a word of caution, some states deem such payroll deductions illegal. It best to check with your legal department beforehand. Other fleets assess financial liability to the operating department instead. Another form of penalty is to restrict driving privileges, such as losing personal use of the company-provide a vehicle. Penalties are an effective deterrent to vehicle abuse and/or neglect if they are vigorously enforced. Drivers (and their managers) need to understand the circumstances under which the company may revoke or suspend the privilege of using of a company vehicle.
Corporate Policy Means Not Making Exceptions
Once policies have been established, they should be enforced uniformly, without exception. The moment you make an exception, you create precedent. As the fleet manager, it is up to you to never break this rule. You should not set precedent by allowing exceptions, even if it involves a star salesperson or senior corporate officer. While companies differ on what constitutes vehicle abuse and how to handle negligent drivers, they agree on one thing- a written policy, which clearly defines abuse, its penalties, and which is vigorously enforced, is the best way to minimize it.
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