DEARBORN, MI – Ford Flex, available this summer, delivers a quieter ride than competitors, according to Ford tests. During the development of the new Flex, Ford engineers tackled one of the biggest sources of interior noise — the front and rear side doors. One of their solutions was a new inset door design rather than the traditional "limo" door that wraps into the roof.
"There's a margin on the traditional limo door along the A-pillar up to the windshield that's right in the path of the wind and acts like a scoop," says John Wheeler, Closure Systems integrator. "That's where the majority of the wind noise comes from. We've eliminated this noise path in the Flex."
Engineers are able to pinpoint problem areas like the limo door design thanks to hours spent in testing facilities such as Jacobs Technology's Drivability Test Facility (DTF) in Allen Park, Mich. The facility includes wind tunnels that can subject vehicles to temperatures from minus 40 degrees F to 130 degrees F, winds of more than 150 mph and altitudes ranging from 280 feet below sea level to more than 12,000 feet above sea level.
Wind Tunnel 8 is where NVH (noise, vibration, and harshness) Development Engineer Steve Dworack and his team have been putting Flex to the test. Starting with the first prototype a year ago and continuing now with random vehicles pulled from production, the NVH team has used Aachen Head technology to measure and pinpoint sounds inside the car.
In these tests, the Aachen Head — a microphone-equipped mannequin — picks up sounds while a giant, 23-foot fan blows 100 mph winds at the car.
"On a Flex prototype, we found a buzz that came from a half-inch section under the mirror mount," says Dworack. "That tiny gap accounted for one whole sone, which is a unit of perceived loudness."
The NVH team isolates noises such as this through a process of using a special high-speed tape to cover seals in windshields, windows, doors, etc., and then strategically untaping certain areas during testing. Once a problem is identified, the team works with Design & Release engineers to fix it. In the case of the miniscule section under the mirror mount, the gap-hider seal was lengthened by one millimeter.