As the shift to fully autonomous vehicles begins to take place, 11 industry leaders have...

As the shift to fully autonomous vehicles begins to take place, 11 industry leaders have partnered to create the "Safety First for Automated Driving" white papers. 

Photo via Daimler.

Tech companies involved in developing autonomous technology — Intel, Baidu, Continental, Aptiv, Infineon, and HERE — have partnered with auto manufacturers Daimler, Audi, Volkswagen, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, and BMW to produce the “Safety First for Automated Driving” (SaFAD) white paper, released today.

According to a press announcement by Intel, the paper aims to provide a framework for the design, development, verification, and validation of safe automated passenger vehicles (AVs). 

In a separate press statement, Daimler writes: “As well as covering all relevant safety methods for Level 3/4 SAE automated driving, the paper introduces a traceability system, which extends from the primary goal — being safer than the average driver — right down to the individual safety objectives of the various components.”

The 12 guiding princicples are as follows: 

  • Safe Operation: How the system reacts if critical components become unstable or cease functioning
  • Safety Layer: The system recognizing its limits and minimizes risk in returning control to the driver
  • Operational Design Domain (ODD): The operating conditions in which the system is designed to function
  • Behavior in Traffic: The system behavior needs to be easy to understand and predictable for surrounding road users
  • User Responsibility: The user’s state must be suitable for a takeover procedure
  • Vehicle-Initiated Handover: If the driver does not comply with a takeover request, the automated driving system must perform a maneuver to minimize risk.
  • Driver-Initiated Handover: Activating and deactivating the automated driving system shall require an explicit driver’s intent
  • Effects of Automation: Overall evaluation of system safety shall take automation effects on the driver into account
  • Safety Assessment: Verification and validation shall be used to ensure that the safety goals are met
  • Data Recording: When an event or incident is recognized, automated vehicles shall record relevant data in a manner that complies with applicable privacy laws
  • Security: Steps shall be taken to protect the automated driving system from security threats
  • Passive Safety: Vehicle layout shall accommodate changes to crash scenarios brought about by vehicle automation

The full white paper can be accessed here