Elizabeth Dole Honored for Advancing Air Bag Use
WASHINGTON, D.C. --- Advocates for Highway and
Auto Safety, a national coalition of safety groups and insurance organizations, presented its first Lifetime Achievement Award to U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Dole (R-NC) and Public Citizen President Joan Claybrook in recognition of their "significant contributions to advancing air bag technology."
Twenty years ago, few makes and models of cars were equipped with this lifesaving technology. Today, frontal airbags are standard equipment on all passenger vehicles. U.S. government figures credit airbags with saving more than 25,000 lives over the past two decades.
In addition, side head air bags are saving additional lives and will shortly become standard equipment on most passenger vehicles.
Joan Claybrook was the administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), an agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), during the Carter Administration (1977-81), and implemented the first rule requiring automatic occupant protection, including air bags. Air bag technology was new and not widely understood by the public.
After Claybrook left NHTSA in 1981, the air bag rule was changed and the matter eventually went before the U.S. Supreme Court. In 1983, the nation's highest court rejected the changes and required DOT to rewrite and reissue the safety rule.
Senator Dole served as U.S. transportation secretary from 1983 to 1987. During that time an alternative called Rule 208 was proposed that required air bags or automatic safety belts in new vehicles, with an extra credit for use of air bags. The rule stipulated that if states representing two-thirds of the population passed seat belt laws within five years that
met strict criteria, the rule would be suspended. The rule is credited with encouraging states to adopt seat belt laws and the auto industry to consider installing air bags as standard equipment on some makes and models. This voluntary action began with one manufacturer -- Chrysler -- in the late 1980s, and was quickly followed by others.
The awards were presented to Dole and Claybrook by Terri Vaccher, a mother of four from Fullerton, Calif., who was accompanied by her 10-year-old son, Dominic. In 1997, Vaccher was eight months pregnant with Dominic when her vehicle collided with a large jack-knifed truck. Her car was struck again by another vehicle, further propelling her vehicle under the truck. Although Vaccher's legs were badly injured, the air bag on the
driver's side is credited with saving her life and that of her baby, who was born prematurely several hours after she was safely pulled from the wreckage.
"I think of that day every day because what could have been two
tragedies instead resulted in two lives saved. Dominic and I stand here today because of the leadership and decisions of these two extraordinary women," Vaccher said. "The airbag made the difference between our living and dying, and my family and I are grateful for this opportunity to publicly thank Senator Dole and Joan Claybrook for their lifesaving leadership."
Vaccher and her husband have had two more children since the
1997 crash, and she ran a marathon two years ago.
"When we enacted Rule 208, our goal was simple: to save as many lives as possible as quickly as possible," said Dole upon receiving the Lifetime Achievement award. "This action totally changed the climate for automotive safety in America, and the statistics prove that the rule worked just as designed. As a result, there are many real-life stories similar to that of Terri and Dominic, where tragedies have been averted and family
members and friends have been spared the loss of a loved one in an automobile accident."
Because of the lifesaving benefits of air bags, in 1991 Congress
enacted legislation with bipartisan support requiring automakers to install frontal air bags in all vehicles as standard equipment. Advances and new applications of air bag technology have resulted in their use for side impact protection that further increases the number of lives saved and traumatic injuries prevented.
"Air bag technology in motor vehicles is one of the most important public health advances in our nation's history," said Joan Claybrook. "We may never know how many Terri and Dominic Vacchers there are out across our country, and also in nations across the globe who have followed our lead."