The Importance of In-Vehicle Safety Technology
In 2015, 2.2% of all drivers were observed to be texting or otherwise manipulating hand-held devices, according to data compiled by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.
Vehicle technology is evolving at a rapid pace. And with this evolution has come a slew of new vehicle safety technologies, such as frontal and radar-based collision avoidance systems, blind spot warnings, cross traffic alerts, and rear-view cameras.
Initially offered as an option to luxury vehicles, crash avoidance technologies have steadily become standard on non-luxury models.
Indeed, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) announced a commitment of 20 major automakers, which represents 99% of U.S. light vehicle sales, to make front crash prevention systems standard on virtually all models by September 2022.
Because the technology is becoming increasingly more commonplace and standard, fleet managers need to dedicate time to educate their drivers on the importance of better understanding the technology for the safety of the driver, the company’s fleet, and the public at large.
It’s no secret that drivers face more distractions on the road than ever before. In fact, each day in the U.S., over eight people are killed and 1,161 are injured in crashes that are reported to involve a distracted driver, according to data from 2013 by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
Luckily the collision avoidance technologies that exist are a helpful means to find a way to decrease this number. Allen Jay, regional sales manager for fleet and OEM at Mobileye Inc., said that because people have so many reasons to be distracted on the road, the crash avoidance technologies can help act as the driver’s “third eye.”
“The reality is everyone is a human being. Everyone has experienced some type of distraction,” said Jay. He said in addition to cellphone usage, distractions on the road can also be related to rubbernecking, eating and drinking , and tuning the radio.
However, education in regards to the technology is key to get the most out of utilizing the technologies.
“There needs to be that conversation from safety managers to their fleet drivers to say ‘Hey, we’re adopting this technology and we need to be safer.’ I think a lot of these companies are trying to be ahead of the curve on safety,” said Jay.
Indeed, these technologies have proven to show results, according to research from the IIHS.
IIHS studied the effectiveness of front crash prevention by analyzing police-reported crash data from 22 states between 2010-14. The institute found that vehicles equipped with front crash prevention are much less likely to rear-end other vehicles than the same models without the technology.
Meanwhile, the study also found that systems with forward collision warning and automatic braking cut rear-end crashes in half, and forward collision warning reduces them by 27%. The autobrake systems also greatly reduced rear-end crashes involving injury, according to the institute.
The technology is not only important for drivers that are facing distractions on the road, but also those who are complacent about their behaviors and assume that they do not need the additional support, said Jay.
“It’s very common that drivers are complacent on how they drive until they have understood and been trained on the technology,” he said.
Some of the resistance to using new technology may stem from older drivers who are unfamiliar with the features. Jay also said, for some drivers, there is an Orwellian stigma associated to safety technologies; drivers may feel as though the technology means they are constantly “being watched.”
“Really the challenges are, until they’ve seen the technology work or until they’ve seen the technology demonstrated, I think that will really calm them down on what the collision avoidance systems can do,” said Jay.