Army Unveils Hydrogen Escape Hybrid
DETROIT --- The U.S. Army and Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide Inc. unveiled a hydrogen-hybrid demonstration vehicle today at the 2006 SAE World Congress in Detroit.
The demonstration used a Ford Hybrid Escape as the platform. The Army's Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC), with its National Automotive Center (NAC), and industry partner Quantum are working to pair hybrid electric vehicles with a hydrogen delivery and storage system. Part of the 21st Century Base Initiative, this technology has the potential to offer a cost-effective alternative to full fuel cell powered vehicles.
"Currently one of the biggest vehicle technology focuses for the Army is alternative energy, both hybrid and fuel cell. Although the Army has set standards for future fleet hybrid energy use, we [Army] are looking at many industry solutions to infuse into the current fleet," said Paul Skalny, acting director of TARDEC's NAC. "The NAC has numerous agreements with top automotive suppliers and research companies, and we are continually exploring the uses of commercial fuel cell and hybrid platforms for both tactical and combat vehicles."
The NAC and Quantum are developing an advanced hydrogen storage system, a fuel injection system, and electronic controls required for the Hydrogen Escape Hybrid. The complete Hydrogen Hybrid package will include: an electronic, multi-point hydrogen injection system; a turbocharger and intercooler for increased performance and efficiency; compressed hydrogen fuel storage modules equipped with a pressure regulation system; and a hydrogen fuel delivery system that uses hydrogen compatible components.
Quantum's HyHauler Plus will support the Hydrogen Escape Hybrid as a transportable hydrogen refueling station. In the fall of 2006, this infrastructure will be supporting the Department of Energy's fuel cell fleet demo program at Selfridge Air National Guard Base in Harrison Township, Mich., serving as an interim hydrogen fueling station until a permanent fueling station is complete.
TARDEC is headquartered at the Detroit Arsenal, Warren, Mich. It is the nation's laboratory for advanced military automotive technology.