The Car and Truck Fleet and Leasing Management Magazine

IIHS Takes Top Safety Picks to a Higher Level

The Insurance Institute of Highway Safety (IIHS) has raised the bar on frontal crash protection with a fifth safety test. Vehicles that perform well in all five categories can now earn a higher level of recognition: Top Safety Pick+.

April 2013, by Shelley Mika - Also by this author

The dummy’s position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the new small overlap frontal test indicates that the driver’s survival space was maintained reasonably well, according to the IIHS.
The dummy’s position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the new small overlap frontal test indicates that the driver’s survival space was maintained reasonably well, according to the IIHS.

At a Glance

Earning a Top Safety Pick+ designation means a vehicle has excelled in these five IIHS crast test categories:

● Moderate overlap frontal: Assesses occupant protection and vehicle’s structural designs when part of the front crumple zone is engaged.

● Small overlap frontal: Assesses occupant protection and vehicle’s structural designs when most of the front crumple zone is bypassed.

● Side: Assesses occupant protection when vehicle is struck in the side by an SUV or pickup.

● Rollover: Assesses vehicle roof strength for protection in rollover crashes.

● Rear: Focuses on how well seat/head restraint combinations protect against whiplash injuries.


The bar has been raised for the Top Vehicle Safety Pick designation. New for 2013, vehicles that excel in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)’s new small overlap test — in addition to earning good ratings in the Institute’s four other safety tests — will earn Top Safety Pick+ status. The addition of this test has already prompted automakers to make design changes to meet the new requirements, and will likely reduce head, chest, leg, and foot injuries.

The Next Step in Improving Frontal Crash Protection

According to a 2009 IIHS study of vehicles with good ratings for frontal crash protection, small overlap crashes accounted for nearly a quarter of frontal crashes involving serious or fatal injury to front seat, belted occupants. These results prompted the addition of the new test and Top Safety Pick+ designation.

Currently, vehicles are rated based on four safety tests: moderate overlap frontal, side impact, rollover/roof strength, and a rear impact test to evaluate whiplash protection. The new small overlap frontal test adds another dimension to safety testing in frontal crashes. This test is designed to replicate what happens when the front corner of a car collides with another vehicle or object, such as a tree or pole.

In moderate overlap frontal tests, 40 percent of the total width of a vehicle strikes a barrier on the driver’s side. In the small overlap test, just 25 percent of a car’s front end on the driver side strikes a 5-foot-tall rigid barrier at 40 mph.

“Nearly every new car performs well in other frontal crash tests conducted by the Institute and the federal government, but we still see more than 10,000 deaths in frontal crashes each year. Small overlap crashes are a major source of these fatalities,” said Adrian Lund, IIHS president. “The new small overlap test program is based on years of analyzing real-world frontal crashes and then replicating them in our crash test facility to determine how people are being seriously injured and how cars can be designed to protect them better. We think this is the next step in improving frontal crash protection.”

Your Comment

Please note that comments may be moderated. 
Leave this field empty:
Your Name:  
Your Email:  

Related Whitepapers



Fleet Incentives

View information regarding fleet incentives and other fleet-related programs direct from the major manufacturers.
 


Sponsored by

Blog

Driving Notes

Paul Clinton
2015 Ram ProMaster City Compact Van

By Paul Clinton
The Ram ProMaster City benefits from a car-like ride that's enabled by a bi-link coil suspension. Ram has moved away from the leaf springs usually used in pickup trucks to give the van greater agility and better handling.

2015 Chrysler 300 Sedan

By Amy Winter

View All

Nobody Asked Me, But...

Sherb Brown
The Big Conundrum of 'Big Data'

By Sherb Brown
Big Data is the hottest new catchphrase with the tech and fleet crows. Our recent surveys indicate that most fleet managers love data and want more of it, but are unhappy with the data they are actually getting.

Depreciation Returns to the Used-Vehicle Market

By Sherb Brown

View All

Market Trends

Mike Antich
The Danger of Lower Fuel Prices

By Mike Antich
The recent drop in fuel prices has been as breathtaking as earlier run-up in prices. If sustained, these reduced fuel prices will begin to make a dent in overall fleet fuel expenditures.

Are Ride Sharing & Car Sharing New Fleet Management Options?

By Mike Antich

View All

In Memoriam: Coach's Insights

Ed Bobit
Thinking of the Newbies of the Future

By Ed Bobit
A lot has changed in the past 10-15 years, so we can only imagine this momentum will continue into the next decade-plus. How will this change impact the fleet manager of tomorrow?

Managing a Car vs. Work Truck Fleet

By Ed Bobit

View All

STORE

$10.00

Auto Fleet - January 2014

Here are the Highlights

  • Analysis of CY-2014
  • Wheels Celebrates its 75th Anniversary
    And much more…